Contest #612 – Old River Control Structure, Louisiana, USA

Approximate location: 31.076944, -91.597222

Avulsion is a geologic term related to rivers. Rivers tend to find the path of least resistance from source to mouth. If a river “finds” a channel that will provide less level of resistance (shorter distance, steeper slope), that river will often abandon its current channel in favor of the better one. The act of switching channels is avulsion.
The Mississippi River “sees” a shorter, steeper path to the Gulf of Mexico from this location in Central Louisiana in the Atchafalaya River. The problem is that downriver of the Old River Control Structure are things like a HUGE portion of the petrochemical industry for the western hemisphere and the cities of Baton Rouge and New Orleans. If the river avulsed west into the Atchafalaya channel, it would leave those cities and industrial complexes without a stable permanent fresh water source. Whether or not the new path of the river would be navigable is questionable, and there is currently an extensive amount of cargo that relies on the Mississippi to get to and from the Gulf (and by extension, the Atlantic and the World). Finally, the people in the path of the Atchafalaya would undergo extensive flooding, erosion and denial of land.

Geomorphology of Old River.jpg
By United States Army Corps of Engineers – http://www.mvs.usace.army.mil/arec/models_old_html.html[dead link], Public Domain, Link

Thus the Old River Control Structure was born. The ORCS creates a management point, controlling flow into the Atchafalaya, and keeping the river from a catastrophic avulsion.

ORCS

Of course, nature is not letting this go easily. From the inauguration of the ORCS, the river has been undermining it, finding ways around and even under it. The US Army Corps of Engineers works diligently to avoid disaster by constantly upgrading and updating the ORCS, but eventually, the river is going to win.

Those who found this engineering work included:

  • Garfield
  • Paul Voestermans
  • Martin de Bock
  • Nancy Barbato
  • David Kozina
  • Phil Ower
  • Eloy Cano
  • Walter_V_R
  • Lighthouse
  • Farceur
  • Hilde Lambeir

and after the hint:

  • Ashwini Agrawal
  • ANG3L16

Contest #611: Calibration Target, Edwards Air Force Base, California, USA

Approximate location: 34°50’12.89″ N 117°44’34.00″ W

If you are trying to calibrate the lens of, say, a satellite pointing at the earth, or a high-altitude “spy plane”, you need something fairly large to look at, with specific markings that you can resolve and verify.

Hence the existence of a number of calibration targets such as these in the middle of the Mojave desert, part of Edwards Air Force Base.

Those who found this (all before the hint) were:

  • hhgygy
  • Walter_V_R
  • Nancy Barbato
  • Eloy Cano
  • Martin de Bock
  • Paul Voestermans
  • Garfield
  • Lighthouse
  • Phil Ower
  • Farceur

Contest #610 — Gate Tower Building, Osaka, Japan (#611 IS BELOW THIS POST)

(sorry for the late reveal)
Approximate coordinates: 34° 41′ 53.17″ N, 135° 29′ 22.66″ E

Gate Tower Building
By ignisOwn work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

This is a case of an immovable object meeting an irresistible force.

Specifically, the owners of this land received permits to build the building about the same time as the planners of the highway laid out the exit. The immovable object would not agree to let the land go to waste and the highway planners felt that this exit HAD to go here. So, an interesting and fairly unique cooperation formed. The highway is suspended on its own pilings and creates no additional vibration in the building. The tunnel structure keeps the noise and the noxious fumes away from the tenents of the building. The building owner gave up the 5-7th floors

Those who found this location were:

  • Garfield
  • Walter_V_R
  • hhgygy
  • Eloy Cano
  • Lighthouse
  • Phil Ower
  • Paul Voestermans
  • Frank Sinatra Jr. Jr. Jr.
  • Martin de Bock
  • Rob de Wolff
  • Andy McConnell
  • Ashwini Agrawal
  • Hilde Lambeir
  • Farceur
  • David Kozina
  • Chris Nason

All before the hint.

Congrats to Lighthouse with yet another perfect series!!